Middlegame Strategy

  1. Know where your pieces like to be: Bishops and Rooks on open lines, Knights in the centre
  2. Use all your pieces -- make them play as a team
  3. Gang up on your opponent's weak spots

Pawns like to be in groups or chains.

--------
--------
--------
---P----
--P-----
-P------
P----PPP
--------

Knights like supported central squares, especially if they can't be chased off by pawns

--------
p----ppp
-p-p----
--pN----
--P-----
-P------
P----PPP
--------

Bishops like open diagonals

--------
p----ppp
-p-p----
--pN----
--P-----
-P------
PBB--PPP
--------

Rooks like open files, and to reach the seventh rank

--------
p---Rppp
-p-p----
--pN----
--P-----
-P------
PBB--PPP
----R---

Queens like to be in the centre, but hate being bothered, so wait until some or most other pieces have been swapped off

--------
p----ppp
-p-p----
--pQ----
--P-----
-P------
P----PPP
----R---

Kings like to be safe in the castle, but once the Queens are off, they can come out and join in the attack

--------
p----ppp
-p-p----
--p-----
--P-----
-P---N--
P----PPP
-----RK-