"Wisely and slow. They stumble that run fast." -- William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.

A First Chess Opening Repertoire

Some ideas to get you started -- other openings are available!

Click [...] to see list of games


[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scotch Gambit"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 {
White develops as fast as possible and tempts Black to be greedy.} 4... Bc5 5.
c3 5... dxc3 {
In the main line White gets a chance to win the pawn back straight away.} 6.
Bxf7+ {This is probably the best move.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scotch Gambit "]
[Black "Example game 6.Bxf7+"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "33"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. c3 dxc3 6. Bxf7+ Kxf7 7. Qd5+ Kf8
8. Qxc5+ Qe7 9. Qxc3 Qxe4+ 10. Be3 d6 11. O-O Nf6 12. Nbd2 Qb4 13. Qd3 Qxb2 14.
Rfb1 Ne5 15. Qf1 Nxf3+ 16. Nxf3 Qa3 17. Qc4 {White has an attack but I don't
know why Black resigned so early  Harding,TD - Dashkevich,V [C44] EU/M/GT/360
corr, 1992} 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scotch Gambit"]
[Black "Declined 5....d3"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "25"]

{5...d3 declining is fine for White.} 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5
5. c3 d3 6. b4 Bb6 7. Qb3 Qf6 8. O-O d6 9. a4 a6 10. a5 Ba7 11. b5 Ne5 12. Nxe5
12... dxe5 {and now best is} 13. Be3 $14 (13. bxa6 bxa6 14. Qa4+ Bd7 15. Qd1
Ne7 16. Qxd3 Bc8 17. Na3 O-O 18. Nc2 Ng6 19. Nb4 Rd8 20. Qg3 Re8 21. Bg5 Qd6
22. Rfd1 Qc5 23. Bd5 Rb8 24. Be3 Qxc3 25. Na2 Qxa5 26. Bxa7 Nf4 27. Bc4 Rb2 28.
Qc3 Qxc3 29. Nxc3 Bg4 30. Rdc1 Ra8 31. Rxa6 31... Rb4 {
1-0
Sveshnikov,E-Petrosian,A [C44] USSR, 1974}) 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scotch Gambit"]
[Black "4....Bb4+"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "29"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 4... Bb4+ {
4...Bb4+ is probably a mistake, but not as bad as this game makes it seem!} 5.
c3 dxc3 6. O-O Qf6 7. e5 Qe7 8. a3 cxb2 9. Bxb2 Bc5 10. Nc3 d6 11. Nd5 Qd8 12.
exd6 Bxd6 13. Bxg7 Bg4 14. Re1+ Nge7 15. Nf6# {
Staunton,H-Brodie [C44] London, 1851} 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scotch Gambit"]
[Black "Example Game 6.Nxc3"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "27"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. c3 dxc3 6. Nxc3 d6 7. Bg5 f6 (7...
Nge7) 8. Bh4 Nh6 9. O-O Bg4 10. h3 Bh5 11. g4 Bf7 12. Nd5 Ne5 13. Nxe5 13...
dxe5 {and now best is} 14. Qb3 $1 (14. Qc1 $6 14... Qd6 (14... c6 $1) 15. Rd1
O-O-O 16. Qc2 Bd4 17. Rac1 Kb8 18. Rxd4 exd4 19. Bg3 Qc6 20. Bxc7+ Ka8 21. Bxd8
Rxd8 22. Qd2 Qd6 23. Qxd4 Kb8 24. Rc3 Be8 25. Qe3 Nf7 26. Nf4 Ne5 27. Bd5 Bc6
28. Ne6 Rd7 29. Nc5 Re7 30. f4 Bxd5 31. fxe5 Qxe5 32. Qd3 b6 33. Na6+ Kb7 34.
Nb4 {1-0 
Harding,TD - Zlobinsky,E [C44] EU/M/GT/360 corr, 1992}) 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Koltanowski Attack"]
[Black "4.d4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C50"]
[PlyCount "47"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. d4 Bxd4 (4... Nxd4 5. Nxe5) (4... exd4 5. c3
{is either the Scotch Gambit or Italian Game}) 5. Nxd4 Nxd4 6. O-O Nf6 7. f4 d6
8. fxe5 dxe5 9. Bg5 Qe7 10. Nc3 Qc5 11. Bxf7+ Kxf7 12. Bxf6 gxf6 13. Qh5+ Ke6
14. Rxf6+ Kxf6 15. Nd5+ Ke6 16. Qh6+ Kd7 17. Qg7+ Kd6 18. Qe7+ Kc6 19. Qxc7+
Kb5 20. a4+ Kc4 21. Ne3+ Kb4 22. c3+ Kb3 23. Qxc5 Kxb2 24. Qa3# {
Muller-N.N. [C50] Vienna, 1927} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "Example game"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C51"]
[PlyCount "33"]

{White plays actively for the initiative.} 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4
{In the Giuoco Piano, White plays c3 then d4.  Evans' Gambit gives up a pawn
so that you can play that plan with an extra move.} 4... Bxb4 5. c3 Bc5 6. O-O
d6 7. d4 {It can all go wrong for Black very quickly:} 7... exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9.
Re1 Bg4 10. Bb2 Qf6 11. e5 dxe5 12. dxe5 Qf4 13. e6 Bxf3 14. exf7+ Kf8 15.
fxg8=Q+ Rxg8 16. Ba3+ Ne7 17. Bxe7+ {
1-0 White,R-Al Marif,S [C51] London LB, 1990} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "5...Bc5"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C51"]
[PlyCount "39"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 5... Bc5 {5...Bc5 is a bit wet.
It was seen in the very first game we have with this opening by its inventor:}
6. O-O Nf6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. e5 d5 10. exf6 dxc4 11. Re1+ Kf8 12. Ba3+
Kg8 13. d5 Na5 14. Be7 Qd7 15. fxg7 Kxg7 16. Qd2 Qg4 17. Qc3+ Kg8 18. Qxh8+
Kxh8 19. Bf6+ Qg7 20. Re8# {Evans,-MacDonnell [C51] London, 1829} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "Declined"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C51"]
[PlyCount "57"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 4... Bb6 {Declining is not very good for
Black: an easy system to play is from my favourite player, Tartakower: .} 5. a4
a6 6. Bb2 d6 7. b5 axb5 8. axb5 Rxa1 9. Bxa1 Nb8 10. d4 f6 11. dxe5 dxe5 12.
Qe2 Nh6 13. Nxe5 fxe5 14. Qh5+ Kf8 15. Qxe5 Bxf2+ 16. Ke2 Qd7 17. Rd1 Qg4+ 18.
Kxf2 Nd7 19. Qxc7 Ke7 20. Nc3 Rf8+ 21. Kg1 Rd8 22. Qd6+ Ke8 23. Be6 Qh5 24. Rd5
Nf7 25. Bxd7+ Bxd7 26. Qxd7+ Rxd7 27. Rxh5 Rd2 28. Rd5 Rxc2 29. Nd1 {
Tartakower -Prokofiev [C51] Paris, 1934
Black is the famous composer.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "5...Be7"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C51"]
[PlyCount "53"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 5... Be7 {
5...Be7 doesn't solve all Black's problems either.} 6. d4 d6 7. dxe5 Nxe5 8.
Nxe5 dxe5 9. Qh5 g6 10. Qxe5 Nf6 11. Ba3 Rf8 12. O-O Ng4 13. Qg3 Bxa3 14. Nxa3
Qe7 15. Bb5+ c6 16. Nc4 Qe6 17. Rad1 cxb5 18. Qc7 Bd7 19. Nd6+ Ke7 20. Nf5+
gxf5 21. exf5 Rac8 22. Rxd7+ Qxd7 23. f6+ Nxf6 24. Re1+ Ne4 25. Rxe4+ Kf6 26.
Qxd7 Rfd8 27. Qg4 {1-0 Fischer,R - Celle,O [C51] Davis sim, 1964} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "51"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. Qb3 {
Nigel Short likes 7.Qb3, which avoids Black's best defence with 7...Nge7 and 8.
..d5.} (7. O-O Nge7 8. cxd4 d5) 7... Qe7 8. O-O Bb6 9. cxd4 Nxd4 10. Nxd4 Bxd4
11. Nc3 Nf6 12. Nb5 d5 13. exd5 Bxa1 14. Ba3 Qe5 15. f4 Bd4+ 16. Kh1 Qe3 17.
Nxd4 Qxb3 18. Re1+ Kd8 19. Be7+ Kd7 20. Nxb3 c6 21. d6 b6 22. Bxf7 c5 23. Nd2
Kc6 24. Nc4 Bf5 25. Ne5+ 25... Kb7 {and now best is} 26. Re3 $1 {idea Rg3xg7 +-
} (26. a4 h5 27. Bxf6 gxf6 28. Bd5+ Ka6 29. Bc4+ Kb7 30. Bd5+ Ka6 31. Bc4+
31... Kb7 {1/2-1/2 Short,N-Nielsen,P [C52] Samba Cup 1st Skanderborg (8), 2003}
) *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "6.O-O and Lasker's Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "55"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. O-O {is designed to
avoid 7...dxc3 (as if that's a problem) but lets Black set up the Lasker
Defence.} 6... d6 7. d4 Bb6 8. Be3 Nf6 9. Re1 O-O 10. h3 d5 11. exd5 Nxd5 12.
Bg5 Nf6 13. d5 e4 14. Rxe4 Bxf2+ 15. Kh1 Bg3 16. Nbd2 Na5 17. Bd3 Qxd5 18. Rd4
Qc6 19. Bxf6 Qxf6 20. Ne4 Qf4 21. Neg5 Qe3 22. Bxh7+ Kh8 23. Qa4 Qxc3 24. Rad1
b5 25. Rd8 Bxh3 26. Rxa8 Rxa8 27. Qe4 Rf8 28. Nxf7+ {
1-0 Alekhin,A - Sorokin [C52] Kiev, 1916} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Evans' Gambit"]
[Black "7...dxc3?!"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "33"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O 7... dxc3
$6 {Black is greedy...} 8. Qb3 Qe7 9. Nxc3 9... Nf6 $6 10. Nd5 Nxd5 11. exd5
Ne5 12. Nxe5 Qxe5 13. Bb2 13... Qg5 {White has connected Rooks while Black is
three moves away from doing so.  Black will castle if he can, so} 14. h4 $1
14... Qxh4 15. Bxg7 Rg8 16. Rfe1+ Kd8 17. Qg3 $1 {
1-0 Fischer - Fine [C52] Skittles, 1963} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game"]
[Black "7...Nxe4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "20"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. cxd4 Bb4+ 7. Bd2 7...
Nxe4 $1 {This is probably Black's best move.} 8. Bxb4 Nxb4 9. Bxf7+ Kxf7 10.
Qb3+ 10... Kf8 $1 {Coleman,D-Parker,J [C55] Isle of Man, 1999} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Moller Attack"]
[Black "7.Nc3"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "41"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. cxd4 Bb4+ 7. Nc3 {
may be better for Black but Black has to know it!} 7... Nxe4 8. O-O Bxc3 9. d5
Bf6 10. Re1 Ne7 11. Rxe4 d6 12. g4 h6 13. h4 g6 14. Bxh6 Bxg4 15. Bg5 Bxg5 16.
hxg5 Bxf3 17. Qxf3 O-O 18. Kg2 Nf5 19. Rg4 Qe7 20. Rh1 Kg7 21. Re4 {Rodriguez-G
illon [C54] IECG, Cat-M 1995    What if Black does know it?  Hmm... you have
to hope Black doesn't know it... and you should never play chess where your
best plan is to hope Black won't play the best move!  So you need something
else...} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game"]
[Black "6.O-O!?"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. O-O $5 (6. cxd4 {
is the main line we have looked at}) *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game "]
[Black "5.b4!?"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "9"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. b4 $5 (5. b4 Bb6 6. d3 d6 7. O-O
O-O 8. a4 a5 9. b5 Ne7 10. Nbd2 Ng6 11. Bb3 c6 12. d4 Bg4 13. Bb2 d5 14. h3
dxe4 15. Nxe4 Bf5 16. Ng3 Qc8 17. Nxe5 Nxe5 18. dxe5 Ne4 19. Qf3 Nd2 20. Qf4
Nxb3 21. Nxf5 Qe6 22. Rad1 Bc7 23. c4 Nc5 24. b6 Nxa4 25. bxc7 Nxb2 26. Rd6
Qxc4 27. Qg5 {1-0 Nunn-Winants [C54] Brussels, 1988} (27. Qg5 g6 28. Ne7+ Kg7
29. Qf6+ Kh6 30. Nf5+ Kh5 31. g4+)) *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game with 4.c3!"]
[Black "6...Bb6?"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "27"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 3... Bc5 {
White develops quickly and prepares to castle.} 4. c3 {White does best to put
pressure on the centre with 4.c3 to avoid the game getting stodgy.} (4. d3 Nf6
5. Nc3 {Young players often play Nc3 and d3 here, but I think that's terrible
old stodge.  How are you going to get your Rooks into the game?} (5. c3 $5))
4... Nf6 5. d4 5... exd4 {this is where we come in from the Scotch Gambit} 6.
cxd4 6... Bb6 $2 {
This allows the White centre to roll forwards over Black's position.} 7. e5 Ng4
8. h3 Nh6 9. d5 Ne7 10. d6 Ng6 11. Bg5 f6 12. exf6 gxf6 13. Qe2+ Kf8 14. Bxh6#
{Boleslavsky - Scitov [C54] USSR 1933} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game"]
[Black "6...Bb4+"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "41"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. cxd4 6... Bb4+ {
Black should play a check on move 6 when you can play 7.Nc3 or 7.Bd2.  The
line with 7.Bd2 Bxd2 is a nice IQP position for White:} 7. Bd2 Bxd2+ (7... Nxe4
$1) 8. Nbxd2 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Qb3 Nce7 (10... Na5 {
Black can equalise with this move} 11. Qa4+ Nc6 12. Qb3 (12. Bb5 $5) 12... Na5)
11. O-O {Littlewood-Paish} 11... O-O 12. Rfe1 c6 13. a4 Qa5 14. Ne4 Rd8 15. Ne5
Nf5 16. Qd3 Be6 17. Ng5 g6 18. Qh3 Nd6 19. Qxh7+ Kf8 20. Nxe6+ fxe6 21. Bxd5 {
1-0 Littlewood-Paish 
White played this game and others blindfold!
} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Italian Game"]
[Black "6.e5!?"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C54"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. e5 $5 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Two Knights' Defence"]
[Black "5...Bc5 and Max Lange Attack"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C55"]
[PlyCount "31"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O 5... Bc5 $5 {There's a long
main line after 5.O-O Bc5, which is full of dangers for Black, but, if Black
knows their theory, White might be happy to draw in the end.} 6. e5 d5 7. exf6
$5 (7. Bb5 7... Ne4 {is the Modern Variation}) 7... dxc4 8. Re1+ Be6 9. Ng5 Qd5
(9... Qxf6 $4 10. Nxe6 fxe6 11. Qh5+ g6 12. Qxc5) 10. Nc3 Qf5 11. Nce4 O-O-O
12. g4 Qe5 13. Nxe6 fxe6 14. Bg5 14... g6 $2 15. f7 Rd7 16. Bf6 {
1-0 Prasad,D-Kalyanasundaram [C55] India, 1965} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Two Knights' Defence"]
[Black "Modern Variation"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C55"]
[PlyCount "67"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 3... Nf6 {
This fine defence can and should be played by both sides.} 4. d4 {
In the Two Knights', instead of 4.Ng5, White does better to play 4.d4.} ({
Sometimes White will attack f7, maybe hoping to sacrifice after 4.Ng5 d5 5.
exd5 Nxd5 6.Nxf7, and otherwise can win a pawn -- but that's really what Black
wants!} 4. Ng5 4... d5 5. exd5 Nxd5 ({
Black gets an active game after variations like} 5... b5 $1 {The Two Knights'
Defence is a nice system for Black to play; I recommend it if you don't like
the French.  But you will also have to learn a defence to the Ruy Lopez,
Kings' Gambit, Vienna Game...}) 6. Nxf7) 4... exd4 5. e5 {The Modern Variation
with 4...exd4 5.e5 is still being worked out, but might be the easiest line to
play for White.} 5... d5 (5... Ng4 $5) (5... Ne4 $5) 6. Bb5 Ne4 7. Nxd4 Bc5 8.
Be3 Bd7 9. Bxc6 bxc6 10. Nd2 Qh4 11. Nxe4 Qxe4 12. O-O Bb6 13. Re1 Qg6 14. Nb3
O-O 15. Bc5 {This battle for c5 is very typical.} 15... Rfe8 16. a4 Bf5 17. Rc1
Rab8 18. Re3 Bxc5 19. Nxc5 Rxb2 20. Qd4 Rxc2 21. Rxc2 Bxc2 22. h3 a5 23. Kh2
Bf5 24. Rg3 Qh6 25. f4 g6 26. Nb3 Ra8 27. Rc3 Qh4 28. Rxc6 Rb8 29. Nxa5 Qe1 30.
Rc5 Be4 31. e6 c6 32. Nxc6 Re8 33. Ne7+ Kf8 34. Rc8 {
1-0 
Doghri,N -Matsuo,T [C56] Yerevan (7), 1996} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Two Knights' Defence"]
[Black "5...Nxe4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C56"]
[PlyCount "27"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O 5... Nxe4 {There's more
safety for both sides after 5...Nf6, although there's a tricky bit early on:}
6. Re1 d5 7. Bxd5 $1 7... Qxd5 8. Nc3 $1 8... Qa5 (8... Qh5) 9. Nxe4 Be6 10.
Bd2 $5 10... Qd5 11. Bg5 11... Bc5 $2 12. c4 $1 12... Qf5 13. Nh4 Qe5 14. Nf6+
{1-0 Liuboshitz - Shushkta [C56] USSR, 1958} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Elephant Gambit"]
[Black "3...e4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C40"]
[PlyCount "9"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 2... d5 {"I'll offer my d-pawn to get some open lines and fast
development."  What should White do?  Well, as Steinitz thought, it's often
worth taking a centre pawn, but don't be afraid to give it back if you start
getting stuck.} 3. exd5 e4 4. Qe2 Nf6 5. d3 {is better for White} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Latvian Gambit"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C40"]
[PlyCount "17"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 2... f5 {Latvian Gambit} 3. Nxe5 $1 3... Qf6 4. Nc4 fxe4 5. Nc3
(5. Be2 {
5. Be2 is another idea, stopping Black's next move. (Can you see why?).}) 5...
Qg6 6. d3 $1 {Undermining the Black centre.} 6... Bb4 (6... exd3 7. Bxd3 $1
7... Qxg2 8. Qh5+ $1 $18 8... Kd8 9. Be4) 7. Bd2 Bxc3 8. Bxc3 exd3 9. Bxd3 $1 {
Now, Black can't take the g-pawn because of the big check on h5, when Black is
in big trouble.} (9. Bxd3 Qxg2 10. Qh5+ $16) *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Elephant Gambit"]
[Black "3...Bd6"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C40"]
[PlyCount "23"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 2... d5 {Elephant Gambit Well, as Steinitz thought, it's often
worth taking a centre pawn, but don't be afraid to give it back if you start
getting stuck.} 3. exd5 Bd6 4. d4 e4 5. Ne5 Nf6 6. Nc3 Nbd7 7. Bf4 Qe7 8. Bb5
O-O 9. Bxd7 Bxd7 10. Nxd7 Nxd7 11. Bxd6 Qxd6 12. O-O {
And White is a pawn up for nothing.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Philidor Defence"]
[Black "Shirov Gambit 5.g4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C41"]
[PlyCount "35"]

1. e4 d6 2. d4 Nf6 3. Nc3 3... e5 {Note the different move order} 4. Nf3 4...
Nbd7 {White has recently been playing a gambit, due to Shirov:} 5. g4 Nxg4 6.
Rg1 Ngf6 7. Bc4 h6 8. Be3 c6 9. dxe5 dxe5 10. Qd3 Qc7 11. Bxf7+ Kxf7 12. Qc4+
Ke7 13. Nh4 Nb6 14. Ng6+ Ke8 15. Bxb6 axb6 16. Nxh8 g5 17. Ng6 Bc5 18. O-O-O {
1-0 Shirov,A - Klinova,M [C41] Gibraltar, 2006  This one is still being worked
out!  So you can have your own ideas...} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Philidor Defence"]
[Black "4.dxe5"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C41"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 2... d6 {"I'm going to just play very solidly now and look for
my chances later in the game"   Oh dear, Black is trying to play stodge... 
This is exactly what the Modenese were complaining about... .  What should
White do?    Developing naturally gives you a decent game, and there are some
terrible traps for Black to avoid... But as long as Black plays 3...Nf6, most
of the traps are avoided.  I think you can give your opponent more problems by
playing:} 3. d4 Nf6 4. dxe5 $1 4... Nxe4 5. Qd5 $1 5... Nc5 6. Bg5 {That's too
slow for you?  Well, White has recently been playing a gambit, due to Shirov:}
*

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Petroff Defence"]
[Black "3.d4 exd4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C43"]
[PlyCount "9"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 (2. d4 exd4 3. Nf3 $5 {is an Anti-Petroff move order.}) 2...
Nf6 {What is Black's idea? "I won't defend, but counterattack White's e-pawn!
"[ What should White do? . As usual, I think White should put pressure on the
centre with .} 3. d4 {If Black goes for.} (3. Bc4 3... Nc6 {
is the Two Knights' Defence} (3... Nxe4 4. Nc3 $5 4... Nxc3 (4... Nc6 $5) 5.
dxc3 {is the Boden-Kieseritsky Gambit.})) 3... exd4 4. e5 (4. Bc4 $5 4... Nxe4
$5 (4... Nc6 {is the Two Knights' Defence}) 5. Qxd4 $5 {is the Urusoff Gambit})
4... Ne4 5. Qxd4 {you have a nice easy position to play Better is...} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Petroff Defence"]
[Black "3.d4 Nxe4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C43"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. d4 (3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nxf7 $5 {
Cochrane's Gambit is a way to stir things up!} 4... Kxf7 5. d4 $1 5... Nxe4 $2
6. Qh5+ g6 7. Qd5+ Be6 8. Qxe4 $16) 3... Nxe4 4. Bd3 d5 5. Nxe5 Nd7 6. Nc3 {
... Black has still got to show how the pieces are getting sorted out, but
White will find it hard to show an advantage.} *

[Event "DrDave"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Isolated Queen's Pawns"]
[Black "How to play against an IQP"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D05"]
[PlyCount "86"]

1. c4 e6 2. Nc3 d5 3. d4 Be7 4. Nf3 Nf6 5. Bg5 h6 6. Bh4 O-O 7. Rc1 dxc4 8. e3
c5 9. Bxc4 cxd4 10. exd4 $5 {  Playing for the win.} 10... Nc6 11. O-O Nh5 12.
Bxe7 Nxe7 13. Bb3 (13. Ne5) 13... Nf6 14. Ne5 Bd7 15. Qe2 15... Rc8 {If your op
ponent has the IQP:    P you should restrain or blockade the pawn in case it
advances.   P you have a target to aim at.   P you have less space and should
seek exchanges.   P the weakness of the IQP will get worse in the endgame, so
you should seek exchanges} 16. Ne4 $2 {
The wrong plan, with no real justification. Keep the pieces on!} 16... Nxe4 17.
Qxe4 Bc6 18. Nxc6 Rxc6 19. Rc3 $6 (19. Rxc6 Nxc6 20. d5 {
exchanges the IQP leaving nothing much left to play for.}) 19... Qd6 20. g3 $6
20... Rd8 21. Rd1 Rb6 22. Qe1 Qd7 23. Rcd3 Rd6 24. Qe4 Qc6 25. Qf4 25... Nd5 {
} 26. Qd2 Qb6 27. Bxd5 $6 (27. a3 Ne7 28. Qf4 Nf5 29. d5 Ne7 30. Qe3 {e.g.}
30... Qxe3 31. fxe3 exd5 (31... Nxd5 32. e4) 32. e4 d4 33. e5 Rb6 (33... R6d7
34. e6) 34. Rf1) 27... Rxd5 28. Rb3 Qc6 29. Qc3 29... Qd7 {Threatening ...e5}
30. f4 b6 31. Rb4 b5 32. a4 bxa4 33. Qa3 a5 34. Rxa4 Qb5 35. Rd2 e5 36. fxe5
Rxe5 37. Qa1 Qe8 38. dxe5 Rxd2 39. Rxa5 Qc6 40. Ra8+ Kh7 41. Qb1+ g6 42. Qf1
Qc5+ 43. Kh1 43... Qd5+ {0-1 Kortchnoi,V-Karpov,A 1981} *

[Event "DrDave"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Isolated Queen's Pawns"]
[Black "How to play with the IQP"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D32"]
[PlyCount "51"]

{Isolated Queen's Pawns} 1. d4 d5 (1... Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 O-O 5.
Bd3 d5 6. Nf3 c5 7. O-O cxd4 8. exd4 dxc4 9. Bxc4 9... b6 {
This position can be reached by several move-orders.} 10. Re1 Bb7 11. Bd3 Nc6
12. a3 {White is going to arrange a battery on the Classic Diagonal} 12... Be7
13. Bc2 Re8 14. Qd3 {This is the battery against h7.} 14... g6 {
Sometimes it is White to move in t his position!} 15. h4 Qd6 16. Bg5 Rad8 17.
Rad1 Qb8 18. Bb3 {White decides that g6 is too tough to crack.} 18... a6 19. d5
$1 {Black has lost tactical control of this square.} 19... Na5 (19... Nxd5 20.
Bxd5 $1 20... Bxg5 21. Nxg5 exd5 22. Rxe8+ Rxe8 23. Nxd5 $18) (19... exd5 $2
20. Rxe7) 20. dxe6 Nxb3 (20... Rxd3) 21. exf7+ Kxf7 22. Qc4+ Kg7 23. Ne5 Ng8
24. Rxd8 Qxd8 25. Qf7+ Kh8 26. Qxb3 Qd4 27. Re3 Rf8 28. Bxe7 {
Jussupow,A-Lobron,E [D42] Nussloch, 1996} 28... Nxe7 29. Nf7+ Kg7 30. Rxe7 {
A wonderfully logical game. .}) 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 (3... c5 4. cxd5 4... exd5
{After an exchange of pawns, Black will have an IQP.
}) 4. Nf3 c5 5. cxd5 5...
Nxd5 {This is the Semi-Tarrasch Defence} 6. e3 cxd4 7. exd4 Be7 8. Bd3 {
the position actually arose by a different move order} 8... O-O 9. O-O Nc6 10.
Re1 10... Nf6 {If you have the IQP:   P you have more space.   P therefore,
you should avoid exchanges.   P you are able to move about the board more
easily.   P you are able to attack .   P you have a support point on e5 for a
Knight.   P you have a pawn break with d4-d5 (or ...d5-d4)} 11. Bg5 11... Nb4 {
right idea against IQP but too early} 12. Bb1 b6 (12... Bd7 13. Ne5 {
is similar to the game}) 13. Ne5 Bb7 14. Re3 {  This is the key move of the
game, and thematic for this section. White gets away brilliantly with it in
this game, but obviously the downside of this manoeuvre is that the Rook is
very exposed once it is committed to the attack.} 14... g6 {or} (14... Ng4 15.
Bxe7 Nxe3 16. Bxh7+ Kh8 17. Qh5 Ng4 18. Bg6+ Nh6) 15. Rg3 Rc8 (15... Re8 16.
Bh6 Bf8 17. Bxf8 Rxf8 18. Qd2 {+- keene} 18... Rc8 19. Nxg6 hxg6 20. Bxg6 fxg6
21. Qh6 Kf7 22. Rxg6 Rg8) (15... Nc6 16. Bh6 Qxd4 17. Qxd4 Nxd4 18. Bxf8 Kxf8
19. h3 Rd8) 16. Bh6 Re8 17. a3 17... Nc6 {} 18. Nxg6 hxg6 19. Bxg6 19... fxg6
{} (19... Bd6 20. Bxf7+ Kxf7 21. Rg7+ Kf8 22. Qf3) (19... Bf8 20. Bc2+ Kh8 21.
Bxf8 Rxf8 22. Qd2 Ng8 23. Rh3+ Kg7 24. Rh7+ Kf6 25. d5) 20. Qb1 $1 (20. Qc2 $2
20... Nxd4) 20... Ne5 $5 21. dxe5 Ne4 22. Nxe4 Kh7 23. Nf6+ Bxf6 24. Qxg6+ Kh8
25. Bg7+ Bxg7 26. Qxg7# {1-0 keene,r-miles,a 1975} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Sicilian Defence"]
[Black "Alapin 2...d5 Example Game"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B22"]
[PlyCount "51"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 d5 3. exd5 Qxd5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Bg4 6. Be2 e6 7. O-O Be7 8. h3
Bh5 9. Be3 cxd4 10. cxd4 Nc6 11. Nc3 Qd6 12. Qb3 O-O 13. a3 a6 14. Rfd1 Rfd8
15. Rac1 b5 16. d5 Na5 17. Qa2 exd5 18. g4 Bg6 19. g5 Ne4 20. Nxd5 Qe6 21. Bb6
Bxg5 22. Bxd8 Bxd8 23. Bf1 Qf5 24. Bg2 Bh5 25. Ne3 Qf4 26. Qd5 {
1-0 Harley- Roberts [B22] British Ch, 1993} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Sicilian Defence "]
[Black "Alapin 2...Nf6 Example Game"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B22"]
[PlyCount "53"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 Nf6 3. e5 Nd5 4. Nf3 e6 5. d4 cxd4 6. cxd4 d6 7. Bd3 Nb4 8. Bb5+
Bd7 9. Bc4 Bc6 10. O-O Nd7 11. Nc3 Bxf3 12. Qxf3 Nc2 13. d5 Nd4 14. Qg4 dxe5
15. dxe6 fxe6 16. Be3 Nf6 17. Qh3 Qb6 18. Bxd4 exd4 19. Rfe1 Be7 20. Rxe6 Qc5
21. Rae1 dxc3 22. Rxe7+ Qxe7 23. Rxe7+ Kxe7 24. Qe6+ Kd8 25. Qd6+ Ke8 26. Bb5+
Kf7 27. Qc7+ {Motwani,P-Collins,S [B22] British Ch, 2003} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Sicilian Defence"]
[Black "Alapin 2...d5"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B22"]
[PlyCount "22"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 d5 3. exd5 Qxd5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. Be2 cxd4 7. cxd4 e6 8.
O-O Be7 9. Nc3 Qd6 10. Qb3 O-O 11. Rd1 11... b6 {White has more space thanks
to the d-pawn, but the pawn might become weak in an endgame. Black is
well-developed and has good control of d5. Both King's Bishops (e2,e7) are a
little quiet at the moment, so, as well as getting the rest of the pieces out,
both sides will want to get those bishops doing a bit more work. Chances are
about equal.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Sicilian Defence"]
[Black "Alapin 2...Nf6"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B22"]
[PlyCount "23"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 Nf6 3. e5 Nd5 4. d4 cxd4 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. cxd4 d6 7. Bc4 Nb6 8. Bb5
Bd7 9. exd6 e6 10. O-O Bxd6 11. Nc3 a6 12. Bd3 {This position also has a
single d-pawn for White, The King's Bishops have each found a better home, but
it's early days yet for the middlegame.} *


[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Sicilian Defence"]
[Black "Delayed Alapin 3...d5"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "E57"]
[PlyCount "24"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. c3 d5 4. exd5 Qxd5 5. d4 Nf6 6. Be2 Nc6 7. O-O cxd4 8.
cxd4 Be7 9. Nc3 Qd8 10. a3 O-O 11. Bd3 b6 12. Re1 Bb7 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Variation 4.c4"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C01"]
[PlyCount "7"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. c4 {I don't think this variation has a name!}
*

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Var.+ 4.c4 Example"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C01"]
[PlyCount "51"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Nf3 Nf6 5. c4 Be7 6. Nc3 O-O 7. Bd3 dxc4 8.
Bxc4 Nbd7 9. O-O Nb6 10. Bb3 h6 11. Re1 Bg4 12. h3 Bxf3 13. Qxf3 c6 14. Bf4 a5
15. a3 a4 16. Bc2 16... Ra5 $5 17. Rad1 Bd6 18. Be5 Be7 19. Qd3 g6 20. Re3 Kh7
21. Rg3 Rg8 22. Qf3 Kg7 23. Rg4 23... Rf8 $6 {
Regis-Evans [C01] East Devon (1), 2000 and now I should have played 24.Qf5!}
24. Qf5 $1 24... Rxe5 25. Rxg6+ Kh7 26. dxe5 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Caro-Kann Defence"]
[Black "2.c4 variation"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B10"]
[PlyCount "11"]

1. e4 1... c6 {Also, White can be sneaky with the move order.} 2. c4 $5 2... d5
({Then Black started being sneaky, playing moves like .} 2... e5 $5) 3. exd5
cxd5 4. cxd5 Nf6 5. Nc3 Nxd5 6. Bc4 {
, delaying d2-d4 until we see 6...Be7 played...} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Caro-Kann Defence"]
[Black "Panov-Botvinnik 5...g6"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B14"]
[PlyCount "31"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5 4. c4 Nf6 5. Nc3 g6 6. Qb3 Bg7 7. cxd5 O-O 8.
Be2 Nbd7 9. Bf3 Nb6 10. Nge2 Bg4 11. Bxg4 Nxg4 12. Bf4 Qd7 13. a4 Rad8 14. d6
exd6 15. a5 Nc8 16. O-O {
with pressure. Karpov,A-Ovetchkin,R [B14] Smolensk 2000} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Caro-Kann"]
[Black "Panov-Botvinnik avoiding Nimz"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B14"]
[PlyCount "55"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5 4. c4 Nf6 5. Nc3 e6 6. Nf3 Bb4 7. cxd5 (7. Bd3
dxc4 8. Bxc4 {is about level.}) 7... Nxd5 8. Qc2 Nc6 9. Bd3 Ba5 10. a3 Nxc3 11.
bxc3 Nxd4 12. Nxd4 Qxd4 13. Bb5+ {To avoid this, there is a sharp gambit idea:
  Karpov,A-Ovetchkin,R [B14] Smolensk 2000  } 13... Bd7 14. O-O Qd5 15. c4 Qf5
16. Bxd7+ Kxd7 17. Qb2 b6 18. a4 f6 19. Rd1+ Kc6 20. c5 Rad8 21. Qb5+ Kc7 22.
Be3 Kb8 23. Qc6 Qh5 24. Rd6 Rc8 25. Qd7 Rhd8 26. Qxg7 Qe5 27. Bf4 Qxf4 28. c6 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scandinavian Defence"]
[Black "Main line with 2...Qxd5"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B01"]
[PlyCount "9"]

1. e4 1... d5 {"I can hit back straight away and play my sort of game!" "I'll
take the Pawn on d5 and try and set up a decent centre around the d-Pawn."} 2.
exd5 {and Black has a choice:} 2... Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qa5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 {
White is looking good but Black has no weaknesses and is not behind in
development. Black normally plays moves like ...Bf5, ...c6, and ...e6; White
can try to gain time for improving the position of the Nc3 by playing Bd2 and
Ne4. If Black plays ...Bf5 you can play b2-b4, with the idea ...Qxb4 Rb1 and
Rxb7} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scandinavian Defence"]
[Black "2...Nf6"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B01"]
[PlyCount "6"]

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 {and Black has a choice:} 2... Nf6 3. c4 {and now .} 3... e6 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Scandinavian Defence"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B01"]
[PlyCount "7"]

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Nf6 3. c4 c6 4. d4 {
will turn into the lines we recommend against the French and Caro- Kann.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Alekhin's Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Variation"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B03"]
[PlyCount "19"]

1. e4 1... Nf6 {"I'm going to tempt White to make lots of Pawn moves and then
White's centre will be a big hollow target for me!" [ How to respond? Surely
chase the knight and set up a nice centre, which you should be doing in the
opening anyway, but don't get distracted from developing and castling, which
you must do as well. . ] "I'll grab only as much space as I am sure I can hang
on to."} 2. e5 Nd5 3. c4 Nb6 4. d4 d6 5. exd6 5... exd6 {
5... cxd6 can be played; use the same scheme of development for both sides.} 6.
Nc3 Be7 7. Bd3 Nc6 8. Nge2 {
White just plays to keep the advantage in the centre.} 8... O-O (8... Nb4 $2 9.
Qa4+) 9. b3 {The idea is, if 9...Nb4, 10.Bb1} 9... Nb4 10. Bb1 $1 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Modern Defence"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B06"]
[PlyCount "2"]

1. e4 g6 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Pirc Defence"]
[Black "4.Be3 "]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B07"]
[PlyCount "7"]

1. e4 d6 2. d4 Nf6 3. Nc3 g6 4. Be3 {
... is a sound way to play, keeping your options open.;} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Pirc Defence"]
[Black "h-file attack"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B07"]
[PlyCount "39"]

1. e4 d6 2. d4 Nf6 3. Nc3 g6 4. Be2 Bg7 5. g4 h6 6. h3 c5 7. d5 O-O 8. h4 e6 9.
g5 hxg5 10. hxg5 Ne8 11. Qd3 exd5 12. Nxd5 Nc6 13. Qg3 Be6 14. Qh4 f5 15. Qh7+
Kf7 16. Qxg6+ Kxg6 17. Bh5+ Kh7 18. Bf7+ Bh6 19. g6+ Kg7 20. Bxh6+ *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Czech Defence"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "B07"]
[PlyCount "6"]

1. e4 d6 2. d4 Nf6 3. Nc3 3... c6 {;} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ideas: Black's Q-side attack"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C02"]
[PlyCount "80"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Nc6 5. Nf3 Qb6 6. a3 c4 7. Nbd2 Na5 8. Be2 Bd7
9. O-O Ne7 10. Rb1 O-O-O 11. b4 cxb3 12. c4 Ba4 13. c5 Qc7 14. Bb2 Nec6 15. Re1
Rg8 16. Bd3 g5 17. Kh1 b5 18. cxb6 Qxb6 19. Rc1 Kb8 20. Nb1 Bb5 21. Bxb5 Qxb5
22. Nc3 Qb7 23. Rb1 g4 24. Ng1 Ka8 25. Nge2 25... Nc4 {
Black slowly invades the Queen's-side...} 26. Nc1 Rb8 27. Qd3 N6a5 28. a4 a6
29. Re2 Ka7 30. Nd1 Ba3 31. Bc3 h5 32. g3 Rgc8 33. f3 b2 34. Bxb2 Bxb2 35. Nxb2
Nxb2 36. Qh7 Qc7 37. Qxh5 Nxa4 38. Rxb8 Qxc1+ 39. Kg2 Kxb8 40. Qxg4 40... Nc3 {
Lebedev - Petrosian, [C02] Moscow Torpedo-Spartak m, 1958} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ideas: attacking d4"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C02"]
[PlyCount "16"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Nc6 5. Nf3 Qb6 6. b3 {White hopes to take the
pressure off the b-Pawn and support d4 with a Bishop on b2, but...} (6. Be2
cxd4 (6... Nh6 $6 7. Bxh6 $1 7... Qxb2 $2 8. Be3 Qxa1 9. Qc2 cxd4 10. Nxd4 Nxd4
11. cxd4 Ba3 12. Bb5+ $40) 7. cxd4 7... Nh6 $1 8. Bxh6 $6 8... Qxb2 $1 9. Bc1
Qxa1 10. Qc2 {and now the Black Queen escapes, winning.}) 6... cxd4 7. cxd4
Bb4+ 8. Bd2 Nxd4 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ideas: a trap!"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C02"]
[PlyCount "17"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Nc6 5. Nf3 Qb6 6. Bd3 {White has cut off the
defence of the d-Pawn by the White Queen. But Black should not take the d-Pawn:
} 6... cxd4 7. cxd4 Nxd4 8. Nxd4 8... Qxd4 {. White now has a deadly discovery:
} 9. Bb5+ {and Black loses the Queen...} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Advance Variation"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C02"]
[PlyCount "15"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 {If White pushes forward with e4-e5 on move 3 (Advance
Variation), you can play very logical moves to attack d4:} 3... c5 4. c3 Nc6 5.
Nf3 Qb6 6. Be2 Nh6 (6... cxd4 7. cxd4 Nh6 8. Bxh6 8... Qxb2 $1) 7. Na3 (7. Bxh6
7... gxh6 $1) 7... Nf5 8. Nc2 *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ideas: ...f6"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C04"]
[PlyCount "39"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Nc6 4. Ngf3 Nf6 5. e5 Nd7 6. Bd3 f6 7. Ng5 fxg5 8.
Qh5+ g6 9. Bxg6+ hxg6 10. Qxg6+ Ke7 11. Ne4 Ndxe5 12. dxe5 Nxe5 13. Qf6+ Kd7
14. Qxe5 dxe4 15. Bxg5 Qe8 16. O-O-O+ Bd6 17. Qb5+ c6 18. Rxd6+ Kxd6 19. Rd1+
Kc7 20. Bf4+ {Hellers,F - Jacobson [C04] Sweden, 1985} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ideas: Greek Gift sacrifice"]
[Black "French Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C05"]
[PlyCount "21"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Nf6 4. Bd3 c5 5. c3 Nc6 6. Ngf3 cxd4 7. cxd4 Bb4 8. e5
Nd7 9. O-O Qb6 10. Nb3 O-O 11. Bxh7+ $1 {
1-0 Efler,L-Kubat,A [C05] CZE-chT, 1993} (11. Bxh7+ Kxh7 12. Ng5+ Kg6 (12...
Kg8 13. Qh5 Rd8 (13... Re8 14. Qxf7+ Kh8 15. Qxe8+ $18) 14. Qxf7+ Kh8 15. Qh5+
Kg8 16. Qh7+ Kf8 17. Qh8+ Ke7 18. Qxg7+ Ke8 19. Qf7#) 13. Qd3+ f5 14. Nxe6 Rf7
15. Nf4+ Kh7 16. e6 Rf6 17. exd7 Bxd7 18. Nxd5 $18) *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Variation- Introduct"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C01"]
[Annotator "DrDave"]
[PlyCount "20"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 3... exd5 {DIAGRAM} 4. Bd3 () {This is not bad for
Black, as it releases the Bc8. It also means that if White attacks d5 with
c2-c4, Black will have an Isolated Queen's Pawn to aim at. There is still some
thinking to do about the Bishops. Black's central pawn is on a White square,
and the Bc8 doesn't want to end up stuck on e6. So, the best square for the
Bc8 is f5. So, the best move for White is to play Bd3, attacking f5. Black can
usually still get to play ...Bf5 after ...Nge7.} 4... Nc6 5. c3 5... Bd6 {
Black is ahead in development!} 6. Nf3 (6. Ne2 6... Qh4 $1) 6... Nge7 7. O-O
7... O-O {DIAGRAM} ({Now,} 7... Bf5 8. Bxf5 Nxf5 9. Re1+ {
is not what Black wants, so castle first:}) ({Playing for a win?} 7... Bg4 {
and Black can go for castling long}) {
Here, the stock sacrifice  Bxh7+  doesn't work:} 8. Bxh7+ 8... Kxh7 9. Ng5+ Kg8
10. Qh5 10... Bf5 $1 $19 *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Variation - Line"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C01"]
[PlyCount "24"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Bd3 Nc6 5. c3 Bd6 6. Nf3 Nge7 7. O-O {
If White just stodges about, you can still get some play, and can unbalance
the game by castling long:} 7... Bg4 8. Re1 Qd7 9. Nbd2 O-O-O 10. b4 Ng6 11.
Nb3 Rde8 12. Be3 12... Nh4 $1 {Equal, but not so drawish.} *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "Exchange Variation - Example"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C01"]
[PlyCount "78"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Bd3 Nc6 5. c3 Bd6 6. Ne2 6... Qh4 $1 {
Black takes the chance to post the Queen on an active square.} 7. Nd2 7... Bg4
{Now the Bishop comes to bother White.} 8. Qc2 (8. Qb3 {
Black will gambit a pawn for fast development after} 8... O-O-O $1 9. Qxd5 Nf6)
8... O-O-O {Black castles long, hoping to get an unbalanced game.} 9. Nf1 g6
10. Be3 Nge7 11. O-O-O 11... Bf5 $1 {Swapping off White's good Bishop.  The
rest of the game shows a typical sharp attack from Alekhin.  } 12. Nfg3 Bxd3
13. Qxd3 h6 14. f4 $2 14... Qg4 15. h3 Qd7 16. Rhf1 h5 17. Ng1 h4 18. N3e2 Nf5
19. Nf3 f6 20. Nh2 Rde8 21. Bd2 Re6 22. Ng4 Rhe8 23. Rde1 23... R8e7 $1 24. Kd1
24... Qe8 $1 25. Qf3 Na5 26. b3 26... Nc4 $3 27. Bc1 (27. bxc4 Qa4+ 28. Kc1
Ba3+ 29. Kb1 Rb6+ 30. Ka1 30... Qc2 $19) 27... Nce3+ 28. Bxe3 Nxe3+ 29. Nxe3
Rxe3 30. Qf2 Qb5 31. Nc1 Rxc3 32. Rxe7 Bxe7 33. Qe1 Kd7 34. f5 Re3 35. Qf2 g5
36. Re1 Re4 37. Rxe4 dxe4 38. Kd2 Bd6 39. Kc2 39... Bf4 {
0-1 Winter - Alekhin Nottingham 1936} *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: White swaps"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[Annotator "DrDave"]
[PlyCount "20"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. exd5 Qxd5 6. Bxf6 Bxc3+ 7. bxc3 gxf6
8. Qg4 8... Bd7 $5 {keeps it more interesting:} (8... Qg5 {
is safe enough for Black}) 9. Qg7 Rf8 10. Qxf6 10... Ba4 $1 {
with a lead in development for a Pawn.} *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: Intro"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[Annotator "DrDave"]
[PlyCount "9"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 4... Bb4 {This is called the MacCutcheon
Variation. It was fashionable in the 1920s, being played by Alekhine,
Capablanca and Tarrasch. Now White usually pushes on with} 5. e5 {, and the fig
ht is on. The e4-e5 move isn't forced at move 5, but all the other moves give
Black an easy game. If you want the variations, here they are:  The only other
serious line is if White swaps.} (5. Bd3 dxe4 6. Bxe4 6... Nbd7 {= Line French
Defence-MacCutcheon: 5.Bd3/www.exeterchessclub.org.uk 2011/[DrDave]}) (5. f3 h6
6. Bxf6 Qxf6 7. Nge2 dxe4 8. fxe4 8... e5 {
=+ Line French Defence-MacCutcheon: f3/www.exeterchessclub.org.uk 2011/[DrDave]
}) (5. Qd3 5... dxe4 {
+ Line French Defence-MacCutcheon: Qd3/www.exeterchessclub.org.uk 2011/[DrDave]
}) (5. Nge2 5... h6 {= Line French Defence-MacCutcheon: Nge2/www.
exeterchessclub.org.uk 2011/[DrDave]}) *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: Tchigorin's Line"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[Annotator "DrDave"]
[PlyCount "32"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e5 h6 6. exf6 hxg5 7. fxg7 7... Rg8
{Black will get the pawn back and  may get the easier game.} 8. h4 gxh4 9. Qg4
Qf6 (9... Nc6 $5) 10. Rxh4 Qxg7 11. Qxg7 Rxg7 12. Rh8+ Bf8 13. Nf3 Bd7 14. Ne5
f6 15. Nxd7 Nxd7 16. O-O-O 16... O-O-O {is safe enough} *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: main line"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[Annotator "DrDave"]
[PlyCount "20"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e5 h6 6. Bd2 {Black's only good
square for the Knight is e4.  But if 6...Ne4 White will play 7.Nxe4   So,
Black has to swap on c3 first.  } 6... Bxc3 {
White now has a choice of captures:} 7. bxc3 (7. Bxc3 {
There is a little trick here for Black, if White tries to keep the Bishop:}
7... Ne4 8. Bb4 c5 9. dxc5 $2 9... Nxf2 $1 10. Kxf2 Qh4+ 11. g3 11... Qxb4 $17)
{This is the main line, which is still completely unclear.} 7... Ne4 8. Qg4 {
Black has given up the good dark-squared Bishop to make a mess of White's
Pawns. White will always have the problem of the weak Queen's-side, even if
Black's King's-side is weak without the Bishop.} 8... g6 (8... Kf8 {avoids maki
ng dark-squared weaknesses, but loses the right to castle. The choice is up to
you!}) 9. Bd3 Nxd2 10. Kxd2 10... c5 {... If Black can avoid an accident on
the King's-side, the White Queen's-side can be taken apart. White's King can
also be vulnerable in the middle.   White will follow up with moves like: Nf3,
h2-h4, Rhb1, and Qf4-f6.  Black can play safe with ...Bd7-c6 and ...Nd7 or
more aggressively with ...Nc6 and ...Qa5.  Black also often uses the common
French idea of swapping Bishops with ...b6 and ...Ba6} *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: Intro"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[PlyCount "11"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e5 {
After 5.e5, Black doesn't lose the pinned Knight on f6 because of} 5... h6 $1 {
We will look at} 6. exf6 (6. Bd2) (6. Be3) *

[Event "www.exeterchessclub.org.uk"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "2011.10.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "French Defence"]
[Black "MacCutcheon: White gambits"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "C12"]
[PlyCount "24"]
[EventDate "2012.01.18"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e5 h6 6. Be3 Ne4 7. Qg4 $1 7... Kf8
$5 {Avoiding weaknesses.} 8. a3 Bxc3+ 9. bxc3 Nxc3 10. Bd3 {This is one time
when you don't want to open up the game with ...c5.  The usual French rule is
less important than the general opening rule: keep lines closed when you are
behind in development.} 10... Nc6 11. Nh3 11... f5 $1 {
Again, Black is behind in development so hopes to keep the position closed.}
12. exf6 $5 {
Opens lines, but brings in the Black Queen and gives the Bc8 a new career.}
12... Qxf6 {This gambit line is still being worked out!} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "WHITE"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D32"]
[PlyCount "6"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 3... c5 {I like this opening for Black; your pieces
come to very natural squares. You usually get an IQP position, which you need
to play a bit more slowly and carefully because White can set up a good
attacking position against your pawn.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Other lines"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D32"]
[PlyCount "50"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 4... exd5 {If White doesn't play the
Bishop to g2 (and I think most beginners will not), just put your pieces on
natural squares and look to make some sort of advantage on one side of the
board.} 5. dxc5 {White can't really expect to get a good game by attacking the
d-pawn straight away: you can make it into an exciting double-pawn Gambit.}
5... d4 6. Na4 b5 7. cxb6 axb6 8. Qb3 b5 9. Qxb5+ Bd7 10. Qe5+ Be7 11. b3 Bxa4
12. bxa4 Nc6 13. Qb5 Bb4+ 14. Bd2 Bxd2+ 15. Kxd2 Nge7 16. Nf3 Rb8 17. Qc5 17...
O-O {White's pawns are not really important yet!} 18. g3 Qd7 19. Bg2 Rb2+ 20.
Ke1 Rfb8 21. Ne5 Nxe5 22. Qxe5 Ng6 23. Qa5 Qe7 24. Bf3 Ne5 25. Bd5 Nd3+ *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Example game"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D33"]
[PlyCount "98"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. g3 Be6 7. Bg2 Be7 8. O-O
Nf6 9. Bg5 Ne4 10. Bxe7 Qxe7 11. Ne5 Nxd4 12. Nxe4 dxe4 13. e3 Nf3+ 14. Nxf3
exf3 15. Qxf3 O-O 16. Rac1 {Here Black won by advancing the Queen's-side
majority.  White has a King's-side majority, but he didn't do anything with
it!} (16. Qxb7 $5 16... Qxb7 17. Bxb7 Rab8 18. Bf3 Rxb2) 16... Rab8 17. Qe4 Qc7
18. Rc3 b5 19. a3 c4 20. Bf3 Rfd8 21. Rd1 Rxd1+ 22. Bxd1 Rd8 23. Bf3 g6 24. Qc6
Qe5 25. Qe4 Qxe4 26. Bxe4 Rd1+ 27. Kg2 a5 28. Rc2 b4 29. axb4 axb4 30. Bf3 Rb1
31. Be2 b3 32. Rd2 Rc1 33. Bd1 c3 34. bxc3 b2 35. Rxb2 Rxd1 36. Rc2 Bf5 37. Rb2
Rc1 38. Rb3 Be4+ 39. Kh3 Rc2 40. f4 h5 41. g4 hxg4+ 42. Kxg4 Rxh2 43. Rb4 f5+
44. Kg3 Re2 45. Rc4 Rxe3+ 46. Kh4 Kg7 47. Rc7+ Kf6 48. Rd7 Bg2 49. Rd6+ 49...
Kg7 {Marshall,-Capablanca [D33] NY m23, 1909} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Main line"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D34"]
[PlyCount "54"]

1. Nf3 d5 2. c4 e6 3. g3 c5 4. Bg2 Nc6 5. O-O Nf6 6. cxd5 exd5 7. d4 Be7 8. Nc3
O-O 9. Bg5 {
This is the main line, but there is a lot of experience with other moves.} (9.
Bf4) (9. Be3) (9. b3) (9. dxc5) 9... cxd4 10. Nxd4 h6 11. Be3 (11. Bf4) 11...
Re8 {White has set up strong pressure against d5, but Black can equalise.} 12.
Nxc6 bxc6 13. Qa4 Bd7 14. Qc2 Qc8 15. Rfd1 Bh3 16. Bh1 Ng4 17. Bd2 Qe6 18. Be1
Rad8 19. e4 Qf6 20. exd5 Ne3 21. Qa4 Nxd1 22. Rxd1 cxd5 23. Nxd5 Qe6 24. Ba5
Bc5 25. Qc2 Bb6 26. Nxb6 Qf5 27. Rxd8 27... Rxd8 {0-1 Vadasz-Nunn 1978} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "von Hennig-Schara Gambit"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D32"]
[PlyCount "24"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 {
There's a terrific little gambit that you can play in the Tarrasch:} 4... cxd4
{The von Hennig-Schara Gambit} 5. Qxd4 Nc6 6. Qd1 exd5 7. Qxd5 Bd7 8. Nf3 Nf6
9. Qd1 Bc5 10. e3 Qe7 11. Be2 O-O-O (11... O-O $5) 12. O-O 12... g5 {The theory
position ends up with opposite-side castling, where Black's King is probably
less safe than White's. But can White last that long?} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "von Hennig-Schara Gambit"]
[Black "Tarrasch Defence"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D32"]
[PlyCount "34"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 cxd4 5. Qxd4 Nc6 6. Qd1 exd5 7. Qxd5 Bd7 8.
Nf3 Nf6 9. Qd1 Bc5 10. e3 Qe7 11. Bc4 O-O-O 12. O-O Bg4 13. Qe2 Ne5 14. Bb3 a6
15. e4 Rd3 16. Nd5 Nxd5 17. Bxd5 {
[Glikshtein-Shkurovich, Hazin 1970] when Black should have played} 17... Rxf3
$1 {winning} *

[Event "DrDave"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "White avoids the Tarrasch"]
[Black "London"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D05"]
[PlyCount "6"]

1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 {I often say that you have to put pressure on the centre with
pawns, and White is not doing this, so these systems tend to be a bit flat.}
2... e6 3. Bf4 {
The London System. Aagaard and Lund call it the Old Man's Bad Habi t.} (3. Bg5
{This m akes more sense after ...Nf6, when it is called the Torre Attack.} 3...
Be7 4. Bxe7 Nxe7 5. e3 O-O 6. c4 6... c5 $1 $10) 3... Bd6 $1 {
This move takes the steam out of White's position.} *

[Event "DrDave"]
[Site "Exeter"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "White avoids the Tarrasch"]
[Black "Colle"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D05"]
[PlyCount "22"]

1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 {Not as dangerous, but that doesn't mean you can relax!   How
should you play these systems as White or Black?  Black often develops their
Bishops on f5 and d6.  Because White is going to take a few moves to play
Bf1-d3, Black may play ...Bc8-f5 first, and the light-squared Bishops come off.
Also, Black will often challenge the Bc1-f4 with ...Bf8-d6, and then the
dark-squared Bishops also come off.  We then have a slow game with Knights and
Queens. T  The first thing to do if you get into this sort of position
(whether you are White or Black) is to open up a file for your Rooks.  As
Black, you may not be able to achieve ...e7-e5 very quickly, but it is likely
that you can play ...c7-c5.  So one Golden Rule for playing Black in these
openings is for you to play ...c7-c5 at some point.  This means that your
Queen's Knight should not be placed straightaway at c6 in front of the c-Pawn,
but instead go to c6 only after ...c7-c5.  Another idea is to play ...Nb8-d7,
which actually supports the ...c7-c5 break.  Also, don't castle too early:
with a closed centre, your King will be fine uncastled for a while.  Castle
too early, and White will be able to rush pieces over to attack while your
pieces might be slow to get over because the centre is closed.   } 2... e6 3.
e3 {The Colle Syste m.  White still wants to play the e-pawn to e4, but not
yet!  This can be a nasty system to face, because White's attack can come very
quickly, when your pieces might be on sensible but passive squares.} 3... Nf6 (
3... f5 $5 {might be worth a try if you kno w how to play the Stonewall.}) 4.
Bd3 4... c5 {Can't be wrong! If White lets you, pl ay ...e5 to release the Bc8.
} (4... b6 $5 {Another way to get the Bc8 going (Aag aard & Lund)} 5. O-O Bb7
6. Nbd2 (6. c4 {Probably the best move, but as this sho uld be played on move
2, few White players will try it now.} 6... dxc4 7. Bxc4 a6 8. Nc3 (8. Qe2 Nbd7
9. Rd1 c5 10. Nc3 Qc7 11. d5 exd5 12. Nxd5 Nxd5 13. Bxd5 Bxd5 14. Rxd5 Nf6 15.
Re5+ 15... Be7 $10) 8... b5 9. Bd3 c5) 6... c5 7. c3 7... Nbd7 $1 $10) 5. c3 {
C olle} (5. b3 {Zukertort  White intends to hold the centre steady, then play
Ne5 and attack on the King's-side.  White often plays the same moves in every
game, so it's an easy system for White to learn, and popular with club players.
} 5... Nc6 6. Bb2 Bd6 7. O-O O-O 8. Nbd2 (8. a3 Qc7 9. c4 cxd4 10. exd4 10...
e5 $10 {NCO}) 8... Qe7 9. Ne5 cxd4 10. exd4 Ba3) 5... Nc6 6. Nbd2 Bd6 7. O-O
O-O 8. e4 (8. dxc5 Bxc5 9. e4 $10 9... e5 10. Qe2 Be6 11. exd5 Bxd5) (8. Re1 e5
9. dxe5 $15 9... Nxe5 10. Nxe5 Bxe5 11. Nf3 11... Bc7 $15) 8... cxd4 9. cxd4
$10 9... dxe4 10. Nxe4 Be7 11. Nxf6+ 11... Bxf6 {The very best lines against
some of these openings probably don't include ...e6, but if you're starting
your game with 1...e6 against everything, then we need to be sure that
defending with ...e6 works just as well.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Stonewall Attack"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D00"]
[PlyCount "8"]

1. d4 d5 2. e3 2... Nf6 $1 3. Bd3 {Black can break the Golden Rule of Queen's
Pawn positions and play the Queen's Knight in front of the c-pawn.} 3... Nc6 $1
{with two ideas:} 4. c3 4... e5 {
White's position doesn't make any sense without control of e5.} *

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Stonewall Attack"]
[Black "BLACK"]
[Result "*"]
[ECO "D00"]
[PlyCount "12"]

1. d4 d5 2. e3 Nf6 3. Bd3 Nc6 4. f4 Nb4 5. Be2 Bf5 6. Na3 6... c5 {
White's position doesn't make any sense without a Bishop on d3} *

[Event "2nd system: All-purpose system"]
[Site "weak pawns: hanging pawns (st"]
[Date "1962.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Bertok"]
[Black "Fischer"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D59"]
[PlyCount "62"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Be7 4. Nf3 Nf6 5. Bg5 O-O 6. e3 6... h6 $1 {That's imp
ortant: sometimes White can play Qc2 with a double attack on c7 and h7, so
play it when it doesn't lose time.} 7. Bh4 7... b6 $1 {v All-purpose System
against Queen's-side openings  Purdy calls it the All-purpose System: just put
your pieces on the same squares! T You can play it against 1.d4, 1.c4, 1.Nf3,
1.g3...  Black often can't find a good home for the Bc8; in this line we place
it on the long diagonal, where it is very well placed.  There are some special
moves you need to remember to play in the main line Queen's Gambit (Tartakower
Variation):} 8. cxd5 Nxd5 9. Bxe7 Qxe7 10. Nxd5 exd5 11. Be2 11... Be6 $1 {
Now this Bishop is better in the centre.  Here's a great game:} 12. O-O c5 13.
dxc5 {?!} 13... bxc5 14. Qa4 14... Qb7 {  ! White is not well-placed to
harass the pawns, while Fischer is making use of his own trumps.} 15. Qa3 Nd7
16. Ne1 a5 17. Nd3 c4 18. Nf4 Rfb8 19. Rab1 {? (Nxe6)} 19... Bf5 20. Rbd1 Nf6
21. Rd2 21... g5 {  It's "make your mind up" time!} 22. Nxd5 (22. Nh5 Ne4 23.
Rc2 Qb4) 22... Nxd5 23. Bxc4 Be6 24. Rfd1 {?} 24... Nxe3 {(oops)} 25. Qxe3 Bxc4
26. h4 Re8 27. Qg3 Qe7 28. b3 Be6 29. f4 g4 30. h5 Qc5+ 31. Rf2 Bf5 0-1

[Event "3rd system: Stonewall Dutch"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1946.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "steiner"]
[Black "botvinnik"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A90"]
[PlyCount "56"]
[EventDate "1946.??.??"]

1. d4 e6 2. c4 f5 3. g3 Nf6 4. Bg2 Bb4+ (4... d5 {At its crudest, Black is
playing for a King's-side attack. T.  This system is easier for Black to play
than for White, I often think.  You know where you're heading and your pieces
often come to the same squares.  In fact, the biggest problem is getting to
play it - lots of White 1.d4 players will avoid the main lines of the Dutch
with some wretched gambit or other.}) 5. Bd2 Be7 6. Nf3 d5 7. Nc3 c6 8. O-O
8... O-O {Black's Bishop on c8 is blocked in by the pawns. Black used to get
the bad Bishop around to h4 by Bd7-e8-h4... These days, we often park it on b7
T, thinking that the Bg2 also has no squares to speak of.} 9. Bf4 Qe8 10. Qc2
Qh5 11. Rae1 Nbd7 12. Nd2 {
Aiming at e4, but too slowly.  Another plan is to attack c6 with the b-pawn.}
12... g5 13. Bc7 Ne8 14. Be5 Nxe5 15. dxe5 15... f4 {
Black's plans are well-advanced; e4 will now be answered by ..f3} 16. gxf4 gxf4
17. Nf3 Kh8 18. Kh1 Ng7 19. Qc1 Bd7 20. a3 Rf7 21. b4 21... Rg8 {
 making use of the open g-file} 22. Rg1 Nf5 23. Nd1 23... Rfg7 {
 Black has a winning position} 24. Qxf4 Rg4 25. Qd2 Nh4 26. Ne3 Nxf3 27. exf3
Rh4 28. Nf1 28... Bg5 { if the Q moves, ...Bf4 forces mate} 0-1



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