Max Euwe

Max Euwe held the title of Champion briefly, beating then losing to Alekhin in 1935 and 1937. He remained active in chess organisation, being Prsident of FIDE for many years, and died a much-respected figure. He was a schoolteacher during his best chess years, the last amateur to hold the title.

Euwe's style was very logical, as fits a maths teacher, and he excelled in analysis, but his faith in his logical conclusions led him to take on very sharp and unbalanced positions, if he believed he was right.

Here is one of his best and most famous games, where, in his native Netherlands, he beat the World Champion with a piece sacrifice to get a central 'pawn roller'.

[Event "NLD WC"]
[Site "style: Euwe the dynamo (NLD W"]
[Date "1935.??.??"]
[Round "26"]
[White "Euwe, Max"]
[Black "Alekhin, Alexander"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A84"]
[Annotator "style: Euwe the dynamo ("]
[PlyCount "93"]

1. d4 e6 2. c4 f5 3. g3 Bb4+ 4. Bd2 Be7 5. Bg2 Nf6 6. Nc3 O-O 7. Nf3 Ne4 8. O-O
b6 9. Qc2 Bb7 10. Ne5 Nxc3 11. Bxc3 Bxg2 12. Kxg2 Qc8 13. d5 d6 14. Nd3 e5 15.
Kh1 c6 16. Qb3 Kh8 17. f4 e4 18. Nb4 c5 19. Nc2 Nd7 20. Ne3 Bf6 {[#]  Alekhine
plays the Dutch against the best Dutch player - in the Netherlands! Euwe
sacrifices a piece for a pawn roller.} 21. Nxf5 Bxc3 22. Nxd6 Qb8 23. Nxe4 Bf6
24. Nd2 g5 25. e4 gxf4 26. gxf4 Bd4 27. e5 Qe8 28. e6 Rg8 29. Nf3 Qg6 30. Rg1
Bxg1 31. Rxg1 Qf6 32. Ng5 Rg7 33. exd7 Rxd7 34. Qe3 Re7 35. Ne6 Rf8 36. Qe5
Qxe5 37. fxe5 Rf5 38. Re1 h6 39. Nd8 Rf2 40. e6 Rd2 41. Nc6 Re8 42. e7 b5 43.
Nd8 Kg7 44. Nb7 Kf6 45. Re6+ Kg5 46. Nd6 Rxe7 47. Ne4+ {This game became known
as the pearl of Zaandvort} 1-0


Mikhail Botvinnik would be the next World Champion, and was known for deep research into the systems he played.
[Event "QGA/IQPc: Against (2) It, Hastings"]
[Site "It, Hastings (England)"]
[Date "1934.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "BotvinniK, Mikhail"]
[Black "Euwe, Max"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D26"]
[PlyCount "112"]

1. c4 c6 2. e4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Nc6 6. Bg5 e6 7. Nf3 dxc4 8.
Bxc4 Be7 9. O-O O-O 10. Rc1 {[#]  A standard position for this system. White
would like to play Qe2, but cannot because of the d-pawn weakness. Ideally the
B now sat proudly on g5 would be on e3, but to retreat is to lose face, and
time.} a6 11. Bd3 h6 $1 {An important move, aiming for control of f4.} ({A
mistake would be} 11... b5 12. Ne4 Bb7 13. Bxf6 Bxf6 14. Nc5) 12. Be3 ({
Instead, a better move is} 12. Bh4 Nb4 13. Bb1 b5 14. a3 Nbd5 15. Qc2 {would
force g6 or g5.}) 12... Nb4 13. Bb1 b5 14. Ne5 Bb7 15. Qd2 Re8 {Preventing
sacrifices on h6 by enabling ...Bf8 to cover.} 16. f4 Nbd5 17. Nxd5 Qxd5 18. f5
Bd6 19. fxe6 Rxe6 {[#] Black's play can be recommended as a model for the
defense. White's Ne5 is now unable to retreat, due to the weakness of g2.} 20.
Bf5 Re7 21. Bh3 Bxe5 22. dxe5 Qxe5 23. Bf4 Qd5 24. Qxd5 Nxd5 {and Black went
on to win with his extra pawn in 56 moves} 25. Bd2 Rae8 26. b3 Re2 27. Rf2 Nf6
28. Ba5 Rxf2 29. Kxf2 Ne4+ 30. Kf1 Ng5 31. Bd7 Re7 32. Bf5 Re5 33. Bb1 Be4 34.
Bxe4 Nxe4 35. Rc6 Rf5+ 36. Ke1 Rf2 37. a4 Rxg2 38. Rxa6 bxa4 39. bxa4 Rxh2 40.
Ra8+ Kh7 41. Bb6 Ra2 42. a5 h5 43. a6 h4 44. a7 h3 45. Bg1 Nf6 46. Kd1 Ng4 47.
Re8 h2 48. Bxh2 Rxa7 49. Bb8 Ra8 50. Rd8 Ne5 51. Bc7 Rxd8+ 52. Bxd8 Kg6 53. Ke2
Kf5 54. Ke3 Kg4 55. Bc7 Nf3 56. Kf2 f5 0-1


Here's Bronstein using Euwe's technique of sacrificing a piece for a central pawn roller -- even wider than Euwe's.
[Event "pawn mobility: pawn roller"]
[Site "pawn mobility: pawn roller"]
[Date "1956.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Bronstein, David"]
[Black "Rojahn"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C58"]
[PlyCount "79"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. Ng5 d5 5. exd5 Na5 6. d3 h6 7. Nf3 e4 8. dxe4
$5 Nxc4 9. Qd4 Nb6 10. c4 c5 11. Qd3 Bg4 12. Nbd2 Be7 13. O-O O-O 14. Ne5 Bh5
15. b3 Nbd7 16. Bb2 Nxe5 17. Bxe5 Nd7 18. Bc3 Bf6 19. Rae1 Bxc3 20. Qxc3 Qf6
21. e5 Qf5 22. f4 Bg6 23. Ne4 Rab8 24. Qf3 Bh7 25. g4 Qg6 26. f5 Qb6 27. Qg3 f6
28. e6 Ne5 29. h4 Kh8 30. g5 Rbc8 31. Kh1 Qd8 32. g6 Bxg6 33. fxg6 b5 34. d6
Qb6 35. d7 Nxd7 36. exd7 Rcd8 37. Nxf6 Qc6+ 38. Qg2 Qxg2+ 39. Kxg2 gxf6 40. Re7
1-0


PGN4chess help

<< Go to start < Back one move + Autoplay > Forward one move >> Go to end

 

Full controls:

  a b c d e f g h  
8 debug FEN PGN all PGN search
help
keys
help
squares
help
help 8
7 website undo redo toggle
highlight
flip toggle
comments
toggle
play next
toggle
keys
7
6     search
last game
search
unfinished
search
next
search
next unfin
    6
5 last <<
search
search last
search
last
win
next
win
  toggle
scroll to next
scroll
to next
5
4 search
<< event
search
<< round
search 
<< black
search
<< white

next as
white

next as
black
search
>> round
search
>> event
4
3 first
game
last
bunch
prev
game
random
game
random
position
next
game
next
bunch
last
game
3
2 stop
play
toggle
play
1 sec
move
2 sec
move
5 sec
move
? sec
move
review
last 3
review
last move
2
1 go to
start
last
comment

parent
variation

back forward cycle or
forward
next
comment
end 1
  a b c d e f g h